As reported in Variety, lightning struck twice for film historian Fernando Pena. The same gentleman from Argentina who discovered a complete version of the Fritz Lang 1927 epic Metropolis has now unveiled a 9.5 mm print of Buster Keaton’s 1922 short The Blacksmith that contains unique scenes that do not appear in any other version of the film. For example, this new footage shows Buster behind the wheel of his jalopy, a stogie clenched proudly between his teeth, while above we see him light the cigar by using what appears to an automobile cigarette lighter. As shown below, this discovery also provides tantalizing new information about Keaton’s small studio, located in Hollywood within the small block bounded by Lillian Way, Eleanor, Cahuenga, and Romaine. There are more discoveries in my subsequent posts, part 2 and part 3. [Note: Serge Bromberg will screen the film May 31, 2014 as part of the San Francisco Silent Film Festival.]
The new material runs for over four minutes, and involves novel jokes, characters, and settings that differ from the widely distributed version of the film available from Kino-Lorber. For example, the Virginia Fox character now has a father who makes an appearance, while Buster and Big Joe Roberts chase each other around a small set, barely more than a shed, designated as the local “Chamber of Commerce.” Buster also attempts to propose to Virginia, pleading he won’t always be a blacksmith, which makes more plausible their elopement later in the film.
The Chamber of Commerce shed built for the novel scenes from The Blacksmith stood on a small vacant lot on Cahuenga directly across the street from the Keaton Studio, and appears in a couple of circa 1922 aerial photographs of the site. The tiny shed’s appearance in these photos had always puzzled me, but thanks to Mr. Pena’s discovery, I now know what the shed was and why it was there. The shed stood on the same vacant lot where Buster would later build the dormitory set for his 1927 feature College.
The novel footage from The Blacksmith provides another view from the Keaton Studio towards the house standing to the west on 1022 Cole Avenue. The house not only appears behind the studio fence during scenes from The Boat (1921) (above) and in Day Dreams (1922), but also portrayed Katherine McGuire’s home (to the right) in Buster’s 1924 feature Sherlock Jr.
The new footage from The Blacksmith also helps to pinpoint the time the Keaton Studio upgraded from an open air filming stage to a more modern closed over stage. As shown above, the shooting stage remained open to the elements during the filming of Keaton’s The Goat in 1921. The novel images from The Blacksmith below show that the former open air stage was by then covered over, suggesting the stage construction might have taken place later in 1921.
During the novel scenes, Buster encounters a prop billboard that looks like an automobile, labelled with a sign that reads “The Senseless ‘Six’,” a pun spoofing the Oakland Sensible Six touring sedan. The billboard was built on the same vacant lot near the Chamber of Commerce set. The shot above shows Buster climbing from under the back of the sign. Although the above image is confusing, if you look closely you will first discern the steering wheel and the outline of the car, then further back the Keaton Studio fence across the street, with its pattern of alternating taller and shorter fence boards, and then beyond the jumble of sheds, doors, and roof edges that comprise the west side of the studio.
I already knew that by 1923 the Keaton filming stage was covered over, when Buster shot The Balloonatic, because you can see the covered stage in the far left background during the balloon launching scene (at right), filmed from a different vacant lot east of the studio. [[New info: the building permit for the covered stage was issued October 20, 1921. Keaton was filming The Paleface at that time, which was filmed nearly entirely outdoors.]] Buster’s famous short film Cops (1922) was filmed during December 1921 – January 1922, immediately preceding The Blacksmith. Interestingly, Cops is the only Keaton movie that has no interior scenes whatsoever. Presumably the large covered stage took several weeks to complete, and thus was finished some time during the production of Cops. Is it possible Cops was deliberately structured with no interior scenes in order to give the studio carpenters free reign to complete their work?
Of further interest, although The Blacksmith was reportedly shot during January – February 1922, it was held back, and released out of order on July 21, 1922, only after the June 12, 1922 release of Keaton’s subsequently produced short My Wife’s Relations. Moreover, as demonstrated in my next post, visual clues show there was a months-long gap between filming scenes for the movie, as confirmed by newspaper accounts reporting the production was originally completed in August 1921! But because Mr. Pena’s version contains scenes filmed in 1922, it can not be the initial 1921 version of the film.
The version of The Blacksmith known in America today was discovered by James Mason in Keaton’s private vault (Mason was a subsequent owner of Keaton’s Italian Villa mansion in Beverly Hills). This “American” version appears to date from mid to late 1921, and does not contain any of the “Pena” scenes filmed in 1922. Thus, it is plausible Buster’s privately held 1921 vault print was not intended for wide distribution, and that the “Pena” version, containing numerous subsequently filmed gags, was the “official” version widely released in July 1922. You can read more about the clues in my second and third posts.
Closing this post, above is a circa 1920 view, looking to the NW, of the small vacant lot on Cahuenga, across from Buster’s studio, where the novel Chamber of Commerce shed would later be built. Below is the back of the shed, with a matching view, looking north, of the twin bungalows across from the studio, as they appear during Keaton’s feature comedy College. The red ovals below mark a unique feature on the side of the barber shop discussed at the top of this post.
The same bungalows on Cahuenga shown above also appear across the street (at right) during this scene from The Boat.
In all, Keaton filmed over four dozen scenes and insert shots for his movies at or adjacent to his small studio. You can read about further studio appearances in Day Dreams and in Sherlock Jr. at this prior post Mr. Keaton’s Neighborhood.
All NEW FOOTAGE scenes provided courtesy of Mr. Fernando Pena, to whom I extend my congratulations and sincere appreciation for sharing his remarkable discovery.
All other Keaton movie frame images licensed by Douris UK, Ltd.